Sounds easy eh? Well maybe not, do you even have an idea how many blogs and sites are targeting this keyword. Well I guess no otherwise I won’t see every other day a new blog just targeting this keyword. Well its funny isn’t it ? A newbie blogger who hasn’t made a cent online and is completely new to internet marketing and blogging starts out with the niche “make money online”. A man who is yet to make a single dime preaching like a guru and rewriting crappy blog posts dreaming after a month or two I will start earning a decent amount of bucks. Well if you are one of those noobs, then you really need to get a life.
If you have good communication and telephone skills, this could be an ideal job for you. Keep in mind, most of these companies may require you to have a good quality headset. Amazon and Hello Direct are two great sites to use for finding headsets and phone systems. You can check out the following sites and companies to find customer service agent jobs online:
In 2017, there were almost 90 million pet dogs in the US. Which has opened up a huge opportunity to make money online as a dog watcher or sitter. Specialized sites like Rover or Care.com connect pet owners with pet walkers, sitters, and boarding houses to help look after their best friends when they’re at work or on a trip. If you’re an animal lover, you can make extra money and get to spend some quality time with a furry friend.
Re-selling web hosting will enable you to make money hosting your own client’s websites. Large hosting companies like HostGator allow you to white label their hosting services. You could start your own hosting business or, if you are a web designer, include hosting into your web design packages. And the best of it is the hosting companies take care of the hosting for you, so all you need to worry about is selling.

ICUC – ICUC is a social content moderation company; by monitoring and moderating online content on social media, ICUC’s Content Specialists can help protect the brands of ICUC’s clients. That means enforcing the online communities safety and usage guidelines, monitoring responses to posts on clients’ social media profiles, developing and posting interactive content to their social streams, identifying problematic behaviors and trends in the online community, and more. No previous WAH experience is required, but you should be highly proficient in the use of social media, be fluent in English, must be interested in the brand you’re supporting, have excellent communication skills, etc. They interview on Google Hangouts, and expect you to be very familiar with Google Suite (Docs, Gmail, Sheets, and so on).
Your Deals. In addition to establishing a per-class price, also offer packages to entice people to sign up for more than one class. For example, if you intend to host classes on making soap, offer the classes individually, as well as in a group. Someone could take a class learning how to use fresh flowers in homemade soap, or they could buy a bundle that teaches them how to use those, fresh herbs, and plastic toys for kid’s soap. However you decide to price your classes, remember that the buyer will want to feel like they’re getting a lot for their money. If you can provide that in a fun atmosphere, they’ll likely be back time and time again – and they’ll bring friends.
If you’re looking for inspiration, my friend Michelle Schroeder-Gardner of the website Making Sense of Sense has become the expert on all things affiliate marketing. Michelle earns more than $100,000 per month from her blog and the bulk of her income comes from affiliate sales. Michelle has had so much success with affiliate marketing that she even has her own course called Making Sense of Affiliate Marketing.

Thanks for such a great resource! I also was having a hard time selecting the best one! I finally made up my mind after I went over all of the entries word for word, followed the links, and went to the sites mentioned on each submission . Whew! To me, the winner is Stuart Walker. As an aside, it is a tremendous feather in Stuart’s cap that he gave Matt Woodward similar tips that increased his business by 469% . Matt Woodward by 469% – unbelievable! I checked out both websites and saw why the tremendous increase.
Busy professionals often prove too busy to walk their dogs during the day, so they hire someone else to deal with it. To avoid up-front leash costs, include "owner-supplied leash" as a requirement in your ads. You can list your service for free on online classified sites, as well as encourage word-of-mouth by spreading the word to friends and family about your dog walking service. The experts over at Dog*Tec suggest that social media marketing does not always generate new clients, but often does serve as a brand loyalty booster. Be warned that, in most places, dog walkers must clean up any poop their doggie wards leave on the ground. Leftover plastic grocery bags provide a free solution to that problem.

Research Pricing (And Set Fair Starting Prices): Before setting prices for each item, research your local Craigslist website and (if possible) nearby yard sales to get a sense of how to price them. Remember that many buyers will try to haggle – so set prices a bit higher than your bottom dollar, but not so high that you’ll scare off first bids. 10% to 15% is a good rule of thumb. Consider bunching low-value items, such as old CDs, into lots of five or 10, or offer x-for-$y deals.


Megan, I’d encourage you to get my new book, as I wrote it with the specific intention of exactly what to do to get traffic and make money on a blog. It is divided up into chapters by the amount of traffic you have now, so it’s very easy to follow along, like a road map with step-by-step instructions to get you there! You can find, How to Turn Your Blog Into a Six-Figure Money Making Machine, on Amazon here. 

At FE International, as a popular website broker, we have spent over 5 years selling successful websites in every niche imaginable from fitness, fashion and photography to project management, self-help and WordPress. You might have the dream of building a niche website in pursuit of making six figures a year online but how do you go about it? We asked experts with proven track records in building profitable niche websites (including the seller of our latest $417k sale) this simple question:
Hi Ian, the rest will be determined by you, meaning how much content the site has, how many comments and overall how many pages/posts you have written up to boost the website’s authority. Just seeing the keyword and a low competition number is good, but ultimately what boosts it to the top pages are those 2 things + your work to make it happen. And I would not dwell on any particular keyword if it isn’t hitting the first page, sometimes it can take a long time to go, the best thing to do is continue to find more and more keywords and write up content on them.
I worked for TeleTech a few years ago. I didn’t pay for anything upfront – maybe that has changed since. They were supposed to send me a headset, but they sent it to the wrong address despite having my correct one on file and I never got it. I didn’t get to choose the hours I wanted to work and they had me working a 6pm to 1am shift. That just wasn’t practical for me at the time and after asking for a switch but being denied, I quit. The whole experience was a cluster f.
Using Fiverr is a great way to pick up work. Once you have signed up you can advertise your services. Fiver allows you to create your own gigs, whether you are offering web design, digital marketing, writing, or something else. You can choose how much you want to charge (it can be more than a fiver) and people will then contact you if they are interested in working with you. Fiverr will not only help you get experience if you are just starting off as a freelancer, it will also help you earn some extra cash.
Below is a huge list of companies (over 90!) that do mystery shopping, remote call monitoring, or some other “customer engagement research.” We did not vet the companies on this list, we only checked that their websites loaded and that they appear to still be in business. I wish we could've researched this more but that just wasn't feasible. Before you sign up for anything, please review my post about how to spot a mystery shopping scam plus the Federal Trade Commission's tips.
Here you can browse jobs at call centers throughout the US. On the site, you will be able to easily browse through jobs in your area. The Featured Employers section is where you will find the highest rated jobs. This is a good way for you to apply for a job with a company that is recommended both by people who currently work there and those who have left it.
Ratings. Whenever someone buys a book from you, they will have the opportunity to give the transaction a rating. This is when they’ll tell other potential buyers whether the book was in the condition that you described, whether it was mailed on time, and if your communications were pleasant and helpful. One bad rating can hamper sales, and a couple of them can downright stop them. Excel at customer service and your ratings will help your company grow.

You CAN write your own Kindle book, even if you aren't a writer.  I've seen many people do it and have success doing it.  Heck, I wrote my first Kindle books without any experience writing previously.  Writing is a skill that can be learned and developed.  There are courses that can help you write your own book and show you how to do it faster than you could do it on your own, but again, it is NOT required.
Research individual companies in your desired niche: If possible, it’s always better to become an affiliate directly with a company (if they have an internal affiliate program), as no one else will be dipping into your commission rate. This is the preferred route for most of the prominent affiliate marketers, including Pat Flynn. Unfortunately, it’s also the most work, as you’ll have to do the research yourself to see who offers programs (they’re usually listed in the website footer).
Validated Response provides their home based agents with a flexible schedule as they work as independent contractors for the company. Their requirements are quite basic and include the need for a good computer with reliable internet, interpersonal skills and a good phone voice. No experience is requires as they are willing to train you for the position.
You know those top-down cooking or craft videos you just can’t seem to get away from these days? There are people out there making a living from them. 78% of B2C companies depend on user-generated content, like those videos, for their marketing campaigns. You can sign up as a creator on a site like Darby Smart and potentially work with brands like Nordstrom, Mattel, and BarkBox. Or, use them to build your YouTube following and monetize through ads and views.
These three points may seem like common sense, but the truth is that the people who run these scams are very good at what they do. They’ve been able to deceive many intelligent people because they present their “opportunities” so well that almost anyone will believe them. When you’re looking for a new job or extra income, it’s easy to get lulled in to a comfort zone where they can take advantage of you. Keep your guard up – always.
It is very profitable. It's a competitive niche which is good because it means that there's activity. Making it happen however would take time and will be challenging especially if you're sticking with a broad term which is "Make Money Online". Content creation is the best way to attack this. Just keep blogging and shoot videos as well creating content around the keywords you've chosen. Use long tail keywords too and always be consistent on creating high quality content while building a list.Also, when creating content, focus on it being evergreen meaning content that stays relevant no matter how long it's been published.
Ratings. Whenever someone buys a book from you, they will have the opportunity to give the transaction a rating. This is when they’ll tell other potential buyers whether the book was in the condition that you described, whether it was mailed on time, and if your communications were pleasant and helpful. One bad rating can hamper sales, and a couple of them can downright stop them. Excel at customer service and your ratings will help your company grow.
You can also market your ebook on your own website or blog, particularly if the site gets good traffic. Still another method is affiliate marketing. You can offer to pay sites related to your ebook a percentage of the sale price – say, anywhere between 20% and 50% – for them to post an ad or linked article for your book on their site. This could enable you to market your ebook on multiple platforms for greater market exposure.
I have been really disappointed with the survey gig. They underestimate the time they take to complete by like a third and often I find myself spending 10 minutes in what seems like a survey only to find out it’s a pre-survey qualifier, where it feels like I’m giving them so much personal information that I ought to be paid, but at the end of it I’m told I don’t qualify but the award like the equivalent of a penny or two to thank you for your time.
Another way to utilize your talent and business skills is to run corporate workshops online. Businesses are always looking for unique ways to help educate their workforce, and if you can package your talents into a day or half-day long session, you can sell that to companies all over the world to make money online. Start by building a portfolio and then reaching out on LinkedIn to influencers at relevant companies to see if they would be interested in you teaching their team.
Now that you have your domain, and web hosting server it is time to begin designing and building your website. Now there are a few popular website software platforms you can use, however by far the most common software used is called WordPress. WordPress is a free to use management content system that allows you to choose from a wide variety of designs, templates, and features to fully customize your website.
One of the best places to sell unwanted personal possessions is Decluttr, a website that buys used items directly from consumers. Unlike trade-in marketplaces such as Gazelle and auction websites such as eBay, Decluttr doesn’t act as a middleman between buyers and sellers. Rather, it’s best understood as a bulk buyer: an enterprise with deep pockets and an unsatiable appetite for used consumer products.
Using a food delivery service can’t necessarily earn you money, but it can help you save you money if you constantly find yourself throwing out half the food you buy. Food delivery services send a box of food every week with new, sometimes unique vegetables, meat, fruit, and so on. If you don’t have time to shop and want simple meal-prep that leads to a good meal, a food subscription service may be perfect for you.

I have really enjoyed reading about how to build a niche site. I have tried and failed so many times. At the moment i am changing my website because i have tried to be a jack of all trades and obviously that doesn’t work. So my website is going to be taken offline and changed and now i have a better understanding from what you have just wrote i can do a much better Job. I also tried to do a lot of work with Amazon personally but i understand why you say not to.

I, like many other people, have had niche sites hit by Google before because of aggressive link building. By minimizing offsite SEO, you are lowering the risk your site will get hit while increasing ROI with easy keywords that your competition is not targeting; a win-win situation. A caveat to what I mentioned above is to do the process manually. Sure, there are tools to help aid in your keyword research phase, but nothing will ever beat human intuition. This is why I spend so much time digging up keywords, because other people are not. If you devote the time, results will come.

Choosing the right ‘niche’ is an article topic on it’s own and it’s arguably the most important part of the making money with a niche website process. If you don’t pick the right niche, it will a) be difficult to get traffic because the competion for ranking your site in the SERPS will be very tough and b) there will be many other websites doing the exact same thing and c) your niche topic might not be easy to make money in. 

If you’re just starting out wanting to learn the ins and outs, right now there is a pretty damn good internship that a group of SEO’s are putting on. I started about a year ago and without much success until I went through one of the internships. They cover niche website building start to finish so I highly recommend it. Just give me an email if you are interested. [email protected]
Always remember to personally connect with neighbors, friends, and family and let them know about your services. You can also check out third-party platforms like Care.com, SitterCity, and Task Rabbit where they connect caretakers with caregivers. If you are connected with a job on one of these platforms they'll take a small percentage of the total transaction fee. In fact, the on-demand economy has made it easier than ever to make money on demand — to find out more check out this post.

Furthermore, carefully consider your likely attendees, and what schedule would be attractive to them. For example, if you’re planning on teaching a tutoring class, you obviously couldn’t schedule it during school hours. Likewise, a class aimed at mothers of young children will either have to include babysitting services or be scheduled at night, when they’re more likely to have help with the kids. Find the delicate balance of times that fit your prospective students’ schedules as well as your own.


Online savings accounts usually come with crazy good interest rates to help you grow your money faster (regular in-person banks can’t offer rates as high). We’re fans of CIT Bank and Discover Bank (among others) because their interest rates are often over 25 times the national average. That means the money in your savings account will grow 25 times faster than the pace it’s most likely growing at now. Really, though, you can’t go wrong with pretty much any online savings account that offers over 1.50% APY 🙂

27. Sponsored/paid posts – Many blogs publish sponsored and paid posts. Sponsored posts are basically just posts about a specific brand, product or service. A company will pay you to publish an article about it. It’s similar with other paid posts as well. Your basically selling the spot for the article on your site. If you decide to take this route, you’ll want to build your traffic before you will get many offers.
There are different ways to market an ebook. One of the most common is through Amazon’s Kindle program. They can help you with all the steps to both publish and market your ebook through their incredibly popular platform. There are some specialized sets of writing software that will help with not only writing your ebook, but also formatting it correctly for the Amazon market as well Barnes & Noble and iTunes
Hi Sean…love the article. I have been trying to come up with a good strategy for coming up with a solid niche that I can be successful with and your article has helped me tremendously. I have combined your advice with the advice from another article and I think I have about 3 ideas that I will try to narrow down to 1. Do you have a timeline of how many articles you get up with a new site and the money that you will make on average per month for the first 6 months?
Now I’m not sure how to proceed. Do I spend money and time attempting to drive traffic to the site and just hope that I eventually get accepted into the affiliate programs or do I rethink my monetization strategy completely? Since the site is a tool rather than a collection of information articles, it’s more difficult to generate organic search traffic so paid advertising may be the best option. It’s hard to spend money on advertising though when you aren’t sure if it will ever result in earning money.
Let me just start off by saying this article is a GOD SEND!!! Starting out the keyword search seemed to come easy for me, however it is the key to find the PROFITABLE keyword! Jaaxy is definitely the best around! Awesome information and tips! Anyone starting out with blogging and desiring to be an affiliate marketer will definitely find this information handy! I know I have and you offered some amazing insight that I have forgotten about over time!

I have read this article and the ones linked backwards and forwards over the course of the last week. I had been stressing about bringing in extra income when I stumbled onto this post on Pinterest. I sat down and wrote out at LEAST 80 blog post ideas (enough to post three a week for a half a year before I run out of content.) I’ve checked out BlueHost in an effort to find out if the url I want was already in use or not. So I guess my question is, how do you start making money off of a blog? I mean, I have read your different articles on the matter and I’m still at a loss as to where to start without having foot traffic on my page in the beginning. Any advice would help so much. Thanks in advance!


Even when you lack money, you probably don’t lack for serviceable belongings you can live without, such as old CDs, DVDs, electronics and books. Entrepreneurship business author Cheryl Kimball suggests online auction sites as a venue to offload those belongings for a profit. Some auction sites, such as Bonanza, charge no listing fees and make their money by taking a percentage after you make a sale.
My number one tip doesn’t have to do with SEO strategy or marketing, it’s this—tell stories that connect deeply with your audience. Stop worrying about SEO when you write, because it’s always extremely obvious. Get into a flow state and write about what excites you most in your niche, and keep your Marketing Editor Brain out of it. Afterward, go ahead and make sure your backlinks are perfect. But during the writing process, hone in on what makes your heart soar about the topic you’re writing about and let it come through you—readers can feel that, and people naturally want to buy from passionate people.

A very well written book with some great tips and information on the online money making industry. It gave me plenty of insight and more ideas on how to market my online business and get the word out there. A great book for anyone wanting to get into the online money making world or who just want to brush up their knowledge of marketing and what options are out there!
Do you think I could boost the traffic on my site if I just participated in what it seems like a large majority of web owners are participating in? I just haven’t been focusing my time on this stuff, and just writing content. I’m also increasingly wary of getting punished by Google, so I end up not doing anything at all except for the occasional guest post.
Using a food delivery service can’t necessarily earn you money, but it can help you save you money if you constantly find yourself throwing out half the food you buy. Food delivery services send a box of food every week with new, sometimes unique vegetables, meat, fruit, and so on. If you don’t have time to shop and want simple meal-prep that leads to a good meal, a food subscription service may be perfect for you.
Now, what are you waiting for? You’ve now got a list of 18 handpicked work-at-home job leads requiring no experience plus all those tips I gave you above. Get out there and make a living! You don’t even have to get out of your pajamas to do it – although I generally recommend that you do! (Fuzzy slippers are always fine, though.) Don’t forget to hit the comments and share any good, no-experience-required online jobs we might have missed.

22. Advertising – This is definitely the most old-school way of earning money with a blog. It’s also starting to become the least common way. You can sell advertising spots directly on your site or you can sign up with a company like Google AdSense or Media.net. Either way, you won’t see a whole lot of money from ads until your views are well into the thousands each day.
Before I talk about some of the methods for making money online, I wanted to address the role of pain versus pleasure. Every decision that we make in life is weighed on a pain-versus-pleasure scale. We will always do more to avoid pain than we will to gain pleasure, plain and simple. However, this is also what holds us back from succeeding in any endeavor.
26. Services – You can offer a paid service, such as life coaching, blog coaching, goal setting or financial planning. Just be sure to investigate all the legal implications and make sure you’re not claiming to be a professional if you’re not one. With a service like this, you’re basically using your blog to sell yourself. You’ll need to convince people that you’re worth buying and then be able to back up your claims once they purchase your service.
You’d do most of your work in a home garden, but you’ll have to spend your weekends away from home. If you love the idea of selling your home-grown produce, but can’t swing being out of the house on weekends, consider selling to friends, family, and neighbors instead. Almost everyone prefers the taste of a fresh picked tomato to a store bought one.

As far as Poker goes (at least for Texas Hold’em), I’d recommend sitting at a low stakes table (1/2 no-limit is the lowest most places have) and merely being observant/make casual conversation at the table for a while until you feel comfortable. If you’ve never played, just tell the dealer and they’ll be happy to help you out (most players will notice if you haven’t played before anyways so you’re not really at a loss there). Just play “tight” (a small range of strong starting hands) and that’s a pretty good place to start!

Find an audience for your passion or hobby and you’re all set to make money online doing something you love via a niche website. That of course, is easier said than done. Creating a profitable niche website takes time and is not intended for the faint of heart. But, if you can hurdle the steep challenges and positively answer a few key questions on whether the website business idea you’re thinking about is profitable, then you can begin building it and eventually monetize through advertising, affiliates, or other relevant products.
When it comes to at-home income, selling your unwanted stuff is the definition of “low-hanging fruit.” Even if you’re resolutely intentional in your purchasing habits, you surely have possessions that you can do without: old kids’ clothing and toys, disused sporting goods, out-of-fashion wardrobe accessories, electronics, entertainment, valuable but non-sentimental keepsakes such as watches and jewelry, broken-in furniture, dusty tools and outdoor equipment, and perhaps even big-ticket items like a motorcycle or second car.
Did you know that English speakers are in high demand in Asia? As a result many are turning to freelance English teachers using websites like Italki.com. The site is basically a virtual online classroom for freelance teachers and students. Anyone can offer lessons (and set their own price), and anyone can take lessons. From a quick scan, it looks like making $15 to 20/hour is a fair expectation.
28. Subscription – If you think of something valuable (newsletter, online magazine, etc.) that you can consistently offer on a certain basis (weekly, monthly, etc.), you may want to offer a subscription service. This could be a fee charged each time your product is sent out or on a monthly basis. Either way, this has to be something that your customers can only get by subscribing to your website.
Clearly, there's a lot of demand on Amazon, and if any product is going to sell, it's going to sell well on Amazon. But the goal here is to source the right products that will easily sell at the world's largest online retailer. Generally, products between $10 and $50 sell very well here. Just be sure to do the right market research before jumping on this bandwagon.
Scribbr is a Netherlands based academic editing and proofreading company with an international scope, offering their services in up to 10 different languages. Editors are available 365 days a year, and are able to meet fairly strict deadlines. Their rates are competitive, and their online interface makes the whole process of submitting work to be edited simple and convenient. Scribbr… Read More 

Both highly ranked by BBB. Both highly ranked by BBB. They list charts on their websites for what you pay and very clear thorough instructions of how to go about sending in your gold. Important thing: they pay for and insure your shipping. You send them the gold. They value it. Let you know. And you have the option to sell it to them, OR to have your gold returned. Usually gets shipped in the same day.
I’m not sure I understand the question entirely James, but I’ll do my best. From my experience, I firstly avoid any BROAD keywords out there, as they are very vague and do not really help me identify the niche: Health, weight loss, make money are all examples of keywords whose traffic data (which is huge) is something I would never rely on to make a site out of. 

WOW Thanks everyone, all these tips are great!! You guys have helped me out more than you know. I had no idea where to start, it was a bit overwhelming trying to think of ideas on my own, knowing there are so many scams, still kind of is but I'm sure I'll figure it out now, thanks to you guys. I'll be checking them all out come Monday. Happy late Thanksgiving everyone!!
The most expensive niche groups paying for the most costly keywords are industries with very high lifetime customer value; the most costly AdWords keywords exist in industries where the customer pay-off is considerably high. Ultimately, the amount of money insurance companies get from an individual signing up for insurance with them makes high cost per click rates worth the investment, even at $54 a click.
If you are a fast typist, you can find general transcription jobs that you can do from home using your typing skills. Some companies offer general transcription jobs to people without prior transcription experience. Instead, you will most likely have to pass their transcription and typing tests. General transcription jobs require you to listen to audio files of personal conversations, college lectures, business meetings etc and then transcribing them into text files for the targeted audience to understand easily. At first, doing general transcription jobs can be really intimidating for beginners but as you get used to it over time, you will get better at doing them. Here are some sites and companies offering transcription jobs that require no prior relevant experience.

Research individual companies in your desired niche: If possible, it’s always better to become an affiliate directly with a company (if they have an internal affiliate program), as no one else will be dipping into your commission rate. This is the preferred route for most of the prominent affiliate marketers, including Pat Flynn. Unfortunately, it’s also the most work, as you’ll have to do the research yourself to see who offers programs (they’re usually listed in the website footer).
Other Data Entry Jobs are provided by medical centers, pharmacies and other business organizations that have a lot of data and they would prefer to hire people online who will input relevant information into their corporate database. If you have the skills you can easily provide these services and make extra money from home in a legit, decent and fast way.
Many people fancy themselves as designers. If you have a unique idea for a new product then it may be time to get it designed. This can be a long process involving prototypes, discussions with factories, package design, and much more. However, the profits once the product is on the market could be substantial. And remember, with Amazon FBA, your products can all be stored and shipped by Amazon, giving you time to think up your next invention. Learn more about Amazon FBA with my How To Start An Amazon FBA Business Guide.
Be professional. When you submit a résumé, don’t type it in ALL CAPS and please don’t avoid the caps lock like the plague. Know how to use it without looking incompetent. Write in complete sentences with proper grammar. Of course, there will be exceptions, but even with the exceptions, you must keep it professional. You’re building their view of you.
Why not build a full-blown Shopify ecommerce store? Create a niche and sell a variety of products directly on your store. Advertise it using Facebook ads. There are an endless supply of blue-ocean niches that are far less competitive than some of the more crowded red-ocean ones that have spawned an endless sea of merchants vying for the consumer's attention.
Paige, many plug ins are free. Some are paid. I do have paid ones, but only a few. You will be able to get going after that, but you do want to purchase a theme. I’d suggest Genesis and a child theme. You can see all the things that I recommend here on my blogging resources page, most of which are free. 🙂 I would NOT suggest a free theme for someone who wants to make money blogging. That is something you want to pay for, along with hosting.

For some people, work just has to be in an office, factory, store, or any other environment that’s separate from home. Even a second job would have to be in a separate place. For others, a home office is a welcome place for a secondary or even a primary job. If you’re one of those people, you have some unique opportunities, but you also have some very particular challenges of working from home.
×